Create React App Proxy Setup

A Go/Fiber side project I’m working on needs some interactive elements. I started making some additions using AlpineJS and HTMX, but things grew to the point that I decided a dedicated JS view library would be worthwhile. Usually I reach for the awesome and under-mentioned Mithril.js, but I’ve not visited the world of React in many years, so I decided to start there instead.

I was definitely impressed at how the very first guidance you get is tailored to your needs. I intended to just start with adding a React element to a page, and being able to browser-load both React and Babble (for JSX) was super simple. But I knew that was just a “Hello World” phase and that I’ve have to face the complexity of Webpack, Parcel, Vite or whatever is the rage these days. I wasn’t really looking forward to that.

In addition to my dread of drowning in a tar pit of Javascript build tooling, my original plan of just adding a little React component started to grow in size. There were now parts that really felt more suited for a full-fledged single-page app experience. Given all this, I turn to Create React App (CRA).

I love this project. You can either spend your days reading tutorials and Stack Overflow on how to bootstrap React, or you just run three commands and have it all done and running for you in an officially supported way. Easy decision.

So I have at this point a Go backend that can serve requests, and the CRA server that offers all sorts of goodness such as live reloading and instantaneous error reporting. I didn’t want to give up that nice Javascript dev experience by just serving up build artifacts with the backend, but I also wanted (obviously) a single URL to visit regardless of whether the portion was being served from the backend or as part of the React app.

This is a common scenario, and there are official docs covering proxying and lots of additional articles out there on the topic. But it did take me some trial and error to achieve what I was looking for:

  • The React app can make requests to the backend without any special URLs (i.e. it’s as if they’re from a single server, like the production build will be).
  • Requests to the React app are made to /app/* and handled by the CRA web server.
  • All other paths are handled by the Go server.

Proxy Setup Link to heading

The changes required are small but took a bit more searching and fiddling than I’d expected. I landed on:

  1. Install the proxy:

    npm install http-proxy-middleware --save
  2. Create a file called src/setupProxy.js that looks something like:

    const { createProxyMiddleware } = require('http-proxy-middleware');
    module.exports = function(app) {
        app.use(/\/(?!app).*/, createProxyMiddleware({
                target: 'http://localhost:3001',
                changeOrigin: true,

    Figuring out I needed to use a regex in app.use() to properly proxy all but the React components was the breakthrough over just setting a string path.

    Note: editing the src/setupProxy.js file triggers activity in the CRA watch process, but changes don’t seem take effect until you restart CRA.

  3. Add new homepage setting to package.json:

    "homepage": "/app",

    This tells CRA to slot all of its output (e.g. bundles and assets) under that path, so the CRA server will handle them.

And that’s it! Now I hit the standard localhost:3000 address for development and requests are handled by the appropriate server.